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Re: [ontolog-forum] Constructs, primitives, terms

To: "[ontolog-forum]" <ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>, "John F. Sowa" <sowa@xxxxxxxxxxx>
From: Ali SH <asaegyn+out@xxxxxxxxx>
Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2012 02:35:29 -0400
Message-id: <CADr70E2VL_P8t-EmyCCJha=_vaFV61k9xaP5qMM5MkEA5R3qEg@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Dear John,

Thanks for the pointers. 

On Mon, Mar 19, 2012 at 9:26 AM, John F. Sowa <sowa@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
Vannevar Bush in 1947 and Ted Nelson in 1963 developed the vision for
Linked Open Data.

The Bush essay was really interesting. One of the many things I found fascinating about the article was to contrast his trails with what we have today... 

Also, for what it's worth and in the spirit of attribution, I suppose it should be pointed out that the Vannevar article you quote from dates to 1945 [1], and as stated by Buckland in [2]:

The search engine, which [Emanuel Goldberg] called a Statistical Machine, was widely demonstrated and patented in 1931. Descriptions in English and German were published in 1932. Goldberg used this device to keep track of his business correspondence until he was kidnapped by Nazi thugs in 1933 and became a refugee.

Starting in 1938, an American engineer tried to build a faster version without a movie gate, calling it a Microfilm Rapid Selector. It didn’t work very well, but in 1945 he published a essay speculating on what might be done with a desktop microfilm reader with a search engine. The essay was “As We May Think,” and the author was Vannevar Bush. That it was based on technology developed and patented by Emanuel Goldberg nearly two decades earlier was never acknowledged. Experts knew that the ideas presented by Bush were not new, but they were new to most readers, and Bush—not Goldberg—has been cited incessantly ever since.

Goldberg was unlucky in that regard. Nonfiction works on espionage still attribute Goldberg’s microdot technique to an imaginary Professor Zapp as the authority of a misleading article by J. Edgar Hoover in the April 1946 Reader’s Digest. His successor at Zeiss Ikon took credit for the Contax, and Goldberg’s role as the founding CEO was excluded from successive Zeiss corporate histories as late as 2000.

[1] Vannevar Bush. "As We May Think" Atlantic Magazine, July, 1945 - http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1945/07/as-we-may-think/3881/?single_page=true
[2] Michael Buckland. "TIMELINES: As we may recall: four forgotten pioneers." interactions 16, 6 (November 2009), 76-79, 2009. 


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