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Re: [ontolog-forum] Model or Reality

To: "[ontolog-forum]" <ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
From: "John F. Sowa" <sowa@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Sun, 12 Aug 2007 12:26:08 -0400
Message-id: <46BF34A0.4010800@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Rick, Jon, and Mills,    (01)

Those are good suggestions, which I hope may get this forum
back on track toward something useful.    (02)

RM> I think our next paradigm can be stated simply as: Languages,
 > Logics, Models and Theories. With emphasis on plurality, and many
 > thanks to Robert Kent of ontologos for such an elegant abstraction
 > that says so much !    (03)

JA> Here are a couple of pithy observations from two postings of
 > Henry Story...    (04)

HS: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/semantic-web/2007Aug/0025.html
| Now the other way of looking at truth is that
| there is a relation between statements and reality.
| That still holds.  If you accept as true statements that
| are wrong, reality will soon remind you of your mistake.    (05)

The first sentence is a version of the correspondence theory
of truth, which has been the most common approach from Aristotle
to Tarski.  And the second emphasizes Peirce's point about the
need to test that correspondence.    (06)

MD> I've come across pages that discuss philosophical assumptions that
 > underly different research perspectives in different disciplines.
 > The [following] table is an example of one analysis -- this one
 > discussing three such perspectives or philosophical orientations
 > relating to design research in the information systems space:
http://www.project10x.com/downloads/MDdownloads/Methodology/research_perspectives.jpg    (07)

The design perspective in the third column of that table would
seem to be the most directly applicable to the goals of designing
useful ontological resources.    (08)

MD> Here is a link to the source website where you'll find a
 > general overview of design research, including a discussion of
 > its philosophical and epistemological underpinnings...
 > http://www.isworld.org/Researchdesign/drisISworld.htm    (09)

Following is an excerpt from that web page.    (010)

_________________________________________________________________    (011)

Source: http://www.isworld.org/Researchdesign/drisISworld.htm    (012)

The page is organized as follows. We begin with a general overview of 
design research, provide its philosophical and epistemological 
underpinnings, and contrast design research in IS with traditional 
positivist and qualitative research in IS. This is followed by a section 
on design research methods that includes an extended discussion of a 
published example of design research in IS. Through the example we hope 
to make concrete all phases of the design research method: artifact 
design, construction, analysis and evaluation. This is then followed by 
a number of resource sub-sections that relate to design research in 
general as well as to design research in IS: citation lists, links to 
resources on the Internet for design researchers, calls for papers and 
links to conferences, workshops, journals and communities of practice 
for IS design research.    (013)

The goal is to provide the IS community with useful information on 
design research both in and outside of IS. The page contains numerous 
citations permitting the interested reader to easily access original 
material on and examples of this unique and dynamic IS research paradigm.    (014)

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