|To:||"[ontolog-forum] " <ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>|
|From:||"Brian (Bo) Newman" <bo.newman@xxxxxxxxxxxx>|
|Date:||Wed, 13 Jul 2005 13:18:39 -0400|
While perhaps not semantically complete, I have found it quite useful (in presentations to those outside of the ontological communities) by anchoring such discussions with; "A class hierarchy may also be called a taxonomy"  -- "taxonomies are methods for describing classification relationships" ; explaining that ontologies (formal or otherwise) provide additional semantic elements that allow them to covey more meaning that just what is provided by a taxonomy.
Normally, before getting to this point, I have already explained the "Big O," "little o" distinction, and I point out that the development of a taxonomy (as well as the development of a formal ontology) is normally proceeded by the developer(s) acquiring some level of domain understanding (their personal domain specific operative ontology), which they draw upon to create the stylized (formalized?) artifact -- be it a taxonomy or a formal ontology.
I hope this helps ... however, as there in no single ontology that encompasses everyone's view of the world, I'm sure there are others on this list who may offer somewhat different explanations.
Brian (Bo) Newman
Founder, The KMForum.
Sr. Semantic Analyst, TECHi2
 Horridege, M. et al (2004), "A Practical Guide to Building OWL Ontologies Using The Protege-OWL Plug-in and CO-ODE Tools" ver 1.0, Aug, 27, 2004 , p.18.
 Lacy, L. (2005), "Owl: Representing Information Using the Web Ontology Language," Trafford, Victoria, Canada, p .37.
At 08:55 AM 7/13/2005 -0700, you wrote:
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