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[ontolog-forum] Strawman Privacy Ontology

To: ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
From: John McClure <jmcclure@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 17 Jan 2014 14:09:38 -0800
Message-id: <52D9AA22.3080303@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Hi - Here are some working notes for a Privacy Ontology. Please pardon the formatting but I've got to put this aside for now; the wolf is at my door demanding payments I don't have! Maybe a conference call can happen sometime. regards/jmc

[1] Ontologists
  • Help better balance the disproportionate power/information positions of entities.
  • Better articulate and making accessible elements of privacy policies.
  • Is there some classification of privacy terms that can be generalized across privacy contracts? 
  • Is there some way of making the effects of these accessible to end-users?
  • Is there a way to help end users evaluate the effects of changes in privacy policies?
[2] Psychometricians

Use Cases.

1. If there is a legal basis for privacy information requests and you are asked to develop an ontology that implements only a portion of that basis, what should your response be?
2. Is there an imperative for ontologists to develop a code of ethics to communicate their role?
3. Should ontologists identify situations that may have legal consequences and prefer to act in an advisory role to SME's rather than actually drafting the ontology?
4. How does the ownership of communications interact with someone's privacy right to copy items one possesses?
5. Facebook Term of Service: "You own all of the content and information you post on Facebook, and you can control how it is shared through your privacy and application settings. In addition: For content that is covered by intellectual property rights, like photos and videos (IP content), you specifically give us the following permission, subject to your privacy and application settings: you grant us a non-exclusive, transferable, sub-licensable, royalty-free, worldwide license to use any IP content that you post on or in connection with Facebook (IP License).

Privacy: (a) The expectation for an individual that the signals the individual generates (whether talking in a room or by explicitly recording signals on some medium) will only be accessible to intended entities. [asaegyn@xxxxxxxxx] (b) self-calibration of one's vulnerability [kidehen@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx] (c) expectations about information flow that are met [5].

specification, transparency, auditability, accountability

[1] http://www.w3.org/wiki/WebAccessControl -- Web ACLs
[2] http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/acl -- Ontology
[3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personally_identifiable_information
[4] http://www.w3.org/2010/09/raggett-fresh-take-on-p3p/
[5] http://www.danah.org/papers/talks/2010/WWW2010.html
[6] http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/C.3/68/L.45/Rev.1
[7] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b0w36GAyZIA - Appelbaum presentation

Design Axioms and Assumptions.
  1. "Right_of_Privacy" is an instance of class Legal_Right; this class enables rights to be enumerated as seen in the US Constitution.
  2. Privacy is a subclass of class Topic; its instances specify parameters pertinent to specific instances or to specific classes (its 'subjects').
  3. Three types of classes exist, first for concrete resources (Topic), the second for attribute resources (Attribute).
    • Example instances: Substance and Weight.
  4. A third metaclass, Tag, exists whose instances are plain and normative adjectives; past participles; and adverbs.
    • Plain adjectives: Plain, Normative, Participial, Adverbial, Lexical, Concrete, Abstract, Past, Present, Future.
    • Privacy-related plain adjectives: Valid, Invalid, Legal, Illegal, Private, Semi-private, Public.
    • Privacy-related normative adjectives: Privatizable, Semi-privatizable.
    • Privacy-related past participles: Privatized, Semi-privatized.
    • Adverbs: Implicitly, Explicitly.
  5. Three types of properties exist, one for datatyped string values, the second for typed object values.
    • Example instances: weight and has:this.
  6. A third (abstract) metaclass for properties exist, Facet, whose domain is constrained to class Attribute.
  7. Two types of attribute values exist, one being string values, the second being URIs.
    • Example instances: "185" and "/My_Weight".
  8. A value facet property exists whose range is the set of all strings.
  9. An encoding facet property exists whose range is the set of all instances of class Character_Set.
  10. A language facet property exists whose range is the set of all instances of class Language.
  11. A unit facet property exists whose range is the set of all instances of class Measure.
  12. Privacy statements associated with Topic and Attribute resources pertain to knowledge of the existence of the (its) subject resource.
    • is:to relation(s) can identify to whom the resource's existence is known -- implicitly it is the 'owner' of the resource.
    • is:as_of and is:until relations can identify the beginning/end timestamp applicable to this knowledge
    • is:for relation(s) can identify the (event) context applicable to releasing this knowledge
  13. Tag Private is associable with Topic resources to (at least, implicitly) assert a Privacy statement pertains to knowledge of the existence of the (its) subject resource.
  14. like previous, but expectation concerns attributes associated with a given resource (the attribute is the subject)

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