I wish that you would put some of this on the wiki. (01)
I have added the link to http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/logic-ontology/
and to the ontology Theme Song. (02)
John F. Sowa wrote:
> That's a useful summary of the philosophical issues about formal
> logic and ontology:
> CP> A colleague reminded me of this resource which discusses the
> > links between ontology and logic.
> > http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/logic-ontology/
> When we talk about controlled natural languages, such as
> Aristotle's syllogisms or any of the more recent notations,
> we focus on just the mapping from the CNL to the formal
> logic. That mapping depends on the following two methods
> for bypassing the most serious problems of true NLs:
> 1. Assuming or declaring one sense for each word (or
> multiword phrase, such as 'lightning rod').
> 2. Defining a syntactically unambiguous notation for
> the expressions, sentences, and combinations of
> These two steps create a notation for a CNL that can be read
> by anyone who knows the base NL. This is a very important
> property for practical applications because the formal notations
> for ontology (even the graphical ones) are definitely not
> readable by most subject-matter experts.
> For examples, see the comparison of medical "English" to
> controlled English and to two dialects of Common Logic:
> The original example of medical English is on slide 15.
> The translation to Common Logic Controlled English (CLCE)
> is on slide 21, the translation to CLIF on slide 22,
> and the translation to CGIF on slide 23.
> By the way, the translation to each of those three notations
> fit on one slide. But the translation to OWL took many,
> many, many, many, many pages.
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