John F. Sowa wrote:
> There is no such abstract eternal thing called Logic
> any more than there is an abstract eternal thing called
> Physics, Chemistry, Biology, or Mathematics.
> The subject matter of any those fields evolved quite
> simply from a systematic analysis of common sense
> observations and experience. Each of those subjects
> addresses a particular kind of question:
> Physics -- how do things in the world interact?
> Chemistry -- what are the kinds of stuff that make up
> the world and how do they combine with one another.
> Biology -- what are the kinds of living things and
> how do they grow, live, and reproduce?
> Mathematics -- what are the relationships among numbers
> and geometrical shapes and how can we determine them?
> Logic -- what kinds of reasoning are there and how can
> we distinguish sound methods from fallacious methods?
> There is nothing mysterious or sacred about any of these
> subjects. They are just systematic analyses of what most
> people learn something about through everyday life.
> That's all. (01)
yes, i agree with all of this. theories in physics, chemistry,
mathematics, and logic follow inductively from observations. that's
all. anyone has the right to believe that any of those theories
correctly describes the true nature of the reality. (02)
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