|From:||Ali Hashemi <ali@xxxxxxxxx>|
|Date:||Tue, 16 Aug 2011 12:28:07 -0400|
On Tue, Aug 16, 2011 at 11:50 AM, John F. Sowa <sowa@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
I'm not sure that self-interest applies at this same level of analysis.
However, they are investigating the addition of a adding a 6th dimension, re Liberty/Constraint.
Yet that is exactly the point.
Usually this dimension is identified as Purity/Sanctity. Research by Nussbaum  and others ,  shows that the feelings of disgust intimately affect moral judgments, with a neurological basis , .
The association of negative / prohibitive elements with disgust is an oft utilized tool by propagandists, politicians, religious demagogues to reinforce prohibitions or otherness. In Judaism and Islam, pork is a forbidden food, and pigs are associated with disgust.
These foundations aren't supposed to be prescriptive. Rather, they aim to provide a descriptive analysis of the different cross-cultural dimensions by which normative directives are developed by different human societies / social groupings. Purity doesn't make much sense if you don't have the concept of impurity.
 Nussbaum, M. C. (1999). “ Secret sewers of vice ” : Disgust, bodies, and the law. In S. A. Bandes (Ed.), The passions of law (pp. 19 – 62). New York: New York University Press.
 Turner, Leigh (2004). "Is repugnance wise? Visceral responses to biotechnology." Nature Biotechnology 22, 269 - 270 (2004)
 Schnall, S., Haidt, J., Clore, G., & Jordan, A. (2008). Disgust as embodied moral judgment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1096-1109.
 Moll, Jorge; de Oliveira-Souza, Ricardo; Moll, Fernanda Tovar; Ignácio, Fátima Azevedo ; Bramati, Ivanei E ; Caparelli-Dáquer, Egas M ; Eslinger, Paul J. (2005)."The Moral Affiliations of Disgust: A Functional MRI Study." Cognitive & Behavioral Neurology: March 2005 - Volume 18 - Issue 1 - pp 68-78.
 Adrian Raine and Yaling Yang (2006). "Neural foundations to moral reasoning and antisocial behavior." Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2006 December; 1(3): 203–213.
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