I had never considered that particular distinction, although Ihave
come across other kinds of distinctions, for example, does a term
refer to a component or to a process and lot of other stuff (01)
how do you think these two levels of terminology should relate to each other? (02)
is there overlap? would would some of the relationships in the low
level specification also be present in the higher spec, or do you
envisage a crispier distinction (03)
On Thu, Mar 12, 2009 at 2:45 PM, John F. Sowa <sowa@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> The subject line above states the name of an organization that
> is devoted to interoperability. That particular organization has
> its roots in the building industry, but every branch of science,
> engineering, and business has similar organizations.
> As an example of what they do, see their description of IFD:
> International Framework for Dictionaries (ISO 12006-3) is a
> library with terminology and ontologies assisting in identifying
> the type of information being exchanged. It is developed with
> the purpose of adding value to the IFCs and is language and
> culture independent.
> The International Framework for Dictionaries (IFD) (ISO 12006-3)
> standard is developed by ISO TC 59/SC 13/WG 6. Many of the members
> of the work group are also members of International Construction
> Information Society (ICIS ). The IFD standard has many similarities
> with the EPISTLE standard for the Oil and Gas industry.
> While the IFC standard describes objects, how they are connected,
> and how the information should be exanged and stored, the IFD
> standard uniquely describe what the objects are, and what
> properties, units and values they can have. IFD provides the
> dictionary, the definitions of concepts, the relationships between
> them and the common understanding necessary for the communication
> to flow smoothly.
> That web page has a link to "IFD in a Nutshell", which gives examples:
> The following diagram describes 'door':
> That diagram uses relations with the following names: 'is a type of',
> 'is a part of', 'consists of', 'can be', and 'relates to'.
> Those five relations by themselves (including the catchall 'relates to')
> provide a gross level classification, but they aren't sufficient for
> detailed reasoning. However, they are very important for searching,
> classifying, and natural language analysis and disambiguation.
> That level of detail is certainly insufficient for designing doors
> that can be interchanged among different buildings. Those details,
> however, have always been stated in very low-level specifications,
> such as traditional blueprints or CAD/CAM programs.
> Those two levels of specification are typical of every field:
> 1. A gross-level classification with very few relation types and
> few if any axioms.
> 2. A precise, extremely detailed specification that can support
> extended reasoning, computation, construction, and assembly.
> At the gross level, there is very little difference between an
> ontology and a terminology. The detailed levels are where all
> the complex reasoning and computations are carried out.
> If our ontology proposals are to be useful in practice, it is
> essential for us to recognize those two levels and incorporate
> them in any proposed standards or guidelines.
> John Sowa
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Paola Di Maio,
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SEMAPRO 2009, Malta
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