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Re: [ontolog-forum] Adverbs (was Anthropology of Colour)

To: "[ontolog-forum]" <ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
From: Ed Barkmeyer <edbark@xxxxxxxx>
Date: Mon, 17 Mar 2008 19:23:35 -0400
Message-id: <47DEFD77.6000606@xxxxxxxx>
Christopher Menzel wrote:
> Ed Barkmeyer wrote:
>> I wrote:
>>>> That is the point I thought should not be lost: Formalization turns
>>>> adjectives, including colour attribution, into predicates ("verbs").
>> Pat Hayes wrote:
>>> I wouldn't say for a second that predicates in FOL have any clear
>>> connection with verbs in English.
>> Upon reflection, I have to agree.  Logical predicates seem to
>> represent nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs without prejudice.
> Not adverbs, typically.  In a standard logical language, sentences like
> (1) John buttered the toast
> and
> (2) John buttered the toast slowly
> would have to be represented using completely different predicates, one
> for "buttered" and another for "slowly buttered", e.g., "Bjt" and "Sjt"
> or "Buttered(john,thetoast)" and "SlowlyButtered(john,thetoast)".  This
> is very unsatisfactory, however, as sentence (1) obviously follows from
> (2), whereas "Bjt" obviously does not follow from "Sjt".    (01)

Chris is quite right, of course.
Having recently been exposed to some IKL-like phrasing, I have seen 
things like:    (02)

(WasSlowly (THAT (Buttered John Toast)))    (03)

But that is most definitely NOT FOL.    (04)

-Ed    (05)

Edward J. Barkmeyer                        Email: edbark@xxxxxxxx
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Manufacturing Systems Integration Division
100 Bureau Drive, Stop 8263                Tel: +1 301-975-3528
Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8263                FAX: +1 301-975-4694    (06)

"The opinions expressed above do not reflect consensus of NIST,
  and have not been reviewed by any Government authority."    (07)

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