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## [ontolog-forum] triadic sign realtions in practice

 To: ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx FERENC KOVACS Tue, 24 Aug 2010 17:29:32 +0000 (GMT) <728335.34893.qm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
 On Aug 24, 2010, at 3:55 AM, FERENC KOVACS wrote: Following the law of identity an object is identical with itself if it exists at a particular place in space and a particular point of time. Your claim here is in fact a trivial logical consequence of one of the usual logical laws of identity, namely, "Every object is identical with itself".  From this law, it follows immediately that "Every object is identical with itself IF it ...".  More formally expressed: ∀x(x=x) logically entails ∀x(φ → x=x), for any assertion φ at all about x (or even not about x).   YEs. But my main point is that in "Every object is identical with itself" there are two objects, the object in question and "itself", your picture of the same. Without two items you cannot compare anything.   Just for the record, in logic, the laws of identity typically refer to the reflexivity principle just noted and the principle typically known as the "indiscernibility of identicals" — informally put: "If x=y, then anything true of x is true of y."  In first order logic, this is expressed as a schema standing for infinitely many sentences:   ∀x∀y(x=y → (φ → φ[x/y]), for any formula φ where φ[x/y] is the result of replacing every "free" occurrence of x in φ (i.e., every occurrence that is not bound by a quantifier) with an occurrence of y.  (Every such replacement must also result in a free occurrence of y.)  In second-order logic, where one is allowed to quantify over properties, this principle can be expressed as a single sentence:   ∀x∀y(x=y → ∀F(Fx → Fy)). This is like duplicating an object. So therefore two seemingly identical objects are only identical with each other, if we disregard space an time parameters. This is called abstarction, disaambiguation, decontextualization, etc. I'm not sure what you are saying here, but such metaphysical and epistemological ideas have nothing whatever to do with the logical laws of identity above, which in and of themselves are entirely independent of one's views of time, space, context, etc.     No wonder that you cannot ground your ontologies which are derived from our experience of reality and are an additional aspect of the same  through the symbols and signs we use - but in a different sense. Ferenc -chris _________________________________________________________________Message Archives: http://ontolog.cim3.net/forum/ontolog-forum/  Config Subscr: http://ontolog.cim3.net/mailman/listinfo/ontolog-forum/  Unsubscribe: mailto:ontolog-forum-leave@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxShared Files: http://ontolog.cim3.net/file/Community Wiki: http://ontolog.cim3.net/wiki/ To join: http://ontolog.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?WikiHomePage#nid1JTo Post: mailto:ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx _________________________________________________________________ Message Archives: http://ontolog.cim3.net/forum/ontolog-forum/ Config Subscr: http://ontolog.cim3.net/mailman/listinfo/ontolog-forum/ Unsubscribe: mailto:ontolog-forum-leave@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Shared Files: http://ontolog.cim3.net/file/ Community Wiki: http://ontolog.cim3.net/wiki/ To join: http://ontolog.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?WikiHomePage#nid1J To Post: mailto:ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx    (01)
 Current Thread [ontolog-forum] triadic sign realtions in practice, FERENC KOVACS <= Re: [ontolog-forum] triadic sign realtions in practice, Christopher Menzel Re: [ontolog-forum] triadic sign realtions in practice, FERENC KOVACS [ontolog-forum] triadic sign realtions in practice, FERENC KOVACS