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Re: [ontolog-forum] web-syllogism-and-worldview - Early pre-lingual comm

To: "[ontolog-forum]" <ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
From: "John F. Sowa" <sowa@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Wed, 22 Apr 2009 22:54:18 -0400
Message-id: <49EFD85A.3020909@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Anyone who has been following this thread might be interested in
various psycholinguistic studies on related topics.  One good source
for such information (as well as info on many other branches of
science) is the web site http://www.sciencedaily.com    (01)

Following are the URLs and opening lines of some related articles.    (02)

John Sowa    (03)

PS: For anybody interested in science, the ScienceDaily web site is
an excellent source of distractions from things you should be doing.
It's even more effective than ontolog forum.
____________________________________________________________________    (04)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/03/060322141610.htm    (05)

Infants Begin Learning Language As Early As 10 Months Researchers Find    (06)

Infants are listening and learning their first words as young as 10 
months, but they are only learning the words for objects that are of 
interest to them, not for objects of interest to the speaker.    (07)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081030123947.htm    (08)

Baby Talk: Roots Of Early Vocabulary In Infants' Learning From Speech    (09)

Although babies typically start talking around 12 months of age, their 
brains actually begin processing certain aspects of language much 
earlier, so that by the time they start talking, babies actually already 
know hundreds of words. While studying language acquisition in infants 
can be a challenging endeavor, researchers have begun to make 
significant progress that changes previous views of what infants learn.    (010)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071001172817.htm    (011)

Native Language Governs The Way Toddlers Interpret Speech Sounds    (012)

Toddlers are learning language skills earlier than expected and by the 
age of 18 months understand enough of the lexicon of their own language 
to recognize how speakers use sounds to convey meaning.    (013)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081219073053.htm    (014)

Up To A Third Of Children Adopted To Norway From Abroad Are Having 
Problems With Language Proficiency    (015)

Adoption is a great change in the life of a child. Children adopted from 
abroad to Norway are exposed to a language break in addition to other 
major upheavals. This may influence the acquisition of the child's new 
mother tongue.    (016)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/05/070524145058.htm    (017)

Babies Able To Tell Through Visual Cues When Speakers Switch Languages    (018)

At four months, babies can tell whether a speaker has switched to a 
different language from visual cues alone, according to a University of 
British Columbia study.    (019)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080811200442.htm    (020)

How Babies Understand The World Around Them And Their Place In It    (021)

New research could provide an insight into the way that babies 
understand the world around them and their place within it. A study led 
by Goldsmiths, University of London, suggests that babies as young as 
six or seven months are able to actively respond to stimuli and 
understand them in relation to their own bodies.    (022)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/02/030214075453.htm    (023)

Infants Learn To Fill In Perceptual Gaps By 4 Months    (024)

Adults who amuse infants with slight-of-hand foolery -- a rolling ball 
that disappears, then reappears, for example -- should enjoy a childhood 
learning moment while it lasts. "Been there, seen that, won't be fooled 
again," the fast-learning babies almost seem to be saying.    (025)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080818185209.htm    (026)

Aboriginal Kids Can Count Without Numbers    (027)

Knowing the words for numbers is not necessary to be able to count, 
according to a new study of aboriginal children by UCL (University 
College London) and the University of Melbourne. The study of the 
aboriginal children – from two communities which do not have words or 
gestures for numbers – found that they were able to copy and perform 
number-related tasks.    (028)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080714111940.htm    (029)

Language Without Numbers: Amazonian Tribe Has No Word To Express 'One,' 
Other Numbers    (030)

An Amazonian language with only 300 speakers has no word to express the 
concept of "one" or any other specific number, according to a new study 
from an MIT-led team.    (031)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2002/05/020502072204.htm    (032)

New Language Learning Linked To Early Language Experience    (033)

The ability to learn a new language is determined by the onset of 
language experience during early brain development – regardless of the 
specific form of the language experience. This is the finding of a 
Canadian study led by Rachel Mayberry of McGill University. Mayberry, 
director of McGill’s School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, 
along with Elizabeth Lock of the University of Ottawa and Hena Kazmi of 
the University of Western Ontario, studied groups of deaf and hearing 
adults to see how the onset and type of initial language experience 
affects the ability to learn a new language.    (034)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/01/070118094015.htm    (035)

A New Language Barrier: Why Learning A New Language May Make You Forget 
Your Old One    (036)

Traveling abroad presents an ideal opportunity to master a foreign 
language. While the immersion process facilitates communication in a 
diverse world, people are often surprised to find they have difficulty 
returning to their native language. This phenomenon is referred to as 
first-language attrition and has University of Oregon psychologist 
Benjamin Levy wondering how it is possible to forget, even momentarily, 
words used fluently throughout one's life.    (037)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081215111433.htm    (038)

The Language Of Emotion: Ad Slogans In Native Tongues Connect To 
Consumers' Emotions    (039)

In our globalized world, consumers are exposed to marketing messages in 
many languages. But a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research says 
messages expressed in people's native languages are most effective at 
triggering emotional reactions.    (040)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080625140632.htm    (041)

Are You A Different Person When You Speak A Different Language?    (042)

People who are bicultural and speak two languages may actually shift 
their personalities when they switch from one language to another, 
according to new research.    (043)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/10/011015060024.htm    (044)

Mental Math Dependant On Language, Researchers Find    (045)

The language most bilingual people use to mentally solve math problems 
isn't necessarily their native language or even the language that is 
most prevalent in their environment. Psychological research shows it's 
the language in which they were first taught math - a finding with 
educational implications, especially for areas with high concentrations 
of bilingual persons.    (046)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090212141145.htm    (047)

Toddlers' Gesturing Linked To Later Vocabulary And School Readiness    (048)

Children who convey more meanings with gestures at age 14 months have 
much larger vocabularies at 54 months than children who convey fewer 
meanings and are accordingly better prepared for school.    (049)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/09/040920071439.htm    (050)

New Sign Language Suggests Children Create Language's Fundamentals 
Through Learning    (051)

At a school in Managua, Nicaragua, deaf children are speaking a new 
language entirely their own, which nonetheless has remarkable 
similarities to the world's other languages. Researchers studying these 
similarities suggest this week in Science that, in fact, children give 
language its most fundamental, universal features just by the way they 
learn it.    (052)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090215151441.htm    (053)

Deaf Children Use Hands To Invent Own Way Of Communicating    (054)

Deaf children are able to develop a language-like gesture system by 
making up hand signs and using homemade systems to increase their 
communication as they grow, just as children with conventional spoken 
language, research at the University of Chicago shows.    (055)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080630173943.htm    (056)

When Using Gestures, Rules Of Grammar Remain The Same    (057)

The mind apparently has a consistent way of ordering an event that 
defies the order in which subjects, verbs, and objects typically appear 
in languages, according to research at the University of Chicago.    (058)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/05/050511105253.htm    (059)

Hand Gestures Linked To Better Speaking    (060)

Can't find the right word? You might want to start moving your hands. 
New research at the University of Alberta suggests that gesturing while 
you talk may improve your access to language.    (061)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070725105957.htm    (062)

Hand Gestures Dramatically Improve Learning    (063)

Kids asked to physically gesture at math problems are nearly three times 
more likely than non-gesturers to remember what they've learned. In the 
journal Cognition, a University of Rochester scientist suggests it's 
possible to help children learn difficult concepts by providing gestures 
as an additional and potent avenue for taking in information.    (064)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/11/071104191551.htm    (065)

Gesturing Helps Grade School Children Solve Math Problems    (066)

Are math problems bugging your kids? Tell them to talk back -- using 
their hands. Psychologists at the University of Chicago report that 
gesturing can help kids add new and correct problem-solving strategies 
to their mathematical repertoires. What's more, when given later 
instruction, kids who are told to gesture are more likely to succeed on 
math problems.    (067)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090224133204.htm    (068)

Gestures Lend A Hand In Learning Mathematics; Hand Movements Help Create 
New Ideas    (069)

Gesturing helps students develop new ways of understanding mathematics, 
according to research at the University of Chicago.    (070)

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070430181209.htm    (071)

Ape Gestures Offer Clues To The Evolution Of Human Communication    (072)

Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory 
University, have found bonobos and chimpanzees use manual gestures of 
their hands, feet and limbs more flexibly than they do facial 
expressions and vocalizations, further supporting the evolution of human 
language began with gestures as the gestural origin hypothesis of 
language suggests.    (073)

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