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Re: [ontolog-forum] Ontology, Information Models and the 'Real World':

To: "[ontolog-forum]" <ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
From: Ingvar Johansson <ingvar.johansson@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Mon, 04 Jun 2007 14:28:11 +0200
Message-id: <4664055B.2080002@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Barker, Sean (UK) schrieb:
> Catching up on this thread, and several sub-threads:
> b) From a natural language view, I might take "Pat is sleeping" to mean
> something like, "please don't make to much noise, or you might wake him
> up". Sentences in natural language have (ultimately) the function of
> influencing human behaviour, rather than modelling the world, and only
> do the latter when specifically making such a claim.     (01)

In this sub-thread you should consult the speech act theoretic tradition 
(Austin, Grice, Searle). In contradistinction to logicians, they are 
analysing natural languages at work.  In Austin's famous tripartite 
terminology (locutionary-illocutionary-perlocutionary), your example 
comes out as follows. The utterance "Pat is sleeping" is an assertive 
'illocutionary act'; it is made by means of the meaning of the 
expression 'Pat is sleeping' (this is its 'locutionary content'); and it 
is intended to have the function or 'perlocutionary effect' of making 
the hearers abstain from making too much noise.    (02)

That is, in your terminology, *by* modelling the world the speaker wants 
to influence the behaviour of the hearer. Your analysis (where you try 
to find one meaning hidden in another meaning) leads to a false 
counterposing of 'modelling' to 'influencing'.    (03)

Ingvar    (04)

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