|From:||Ali Hashemi <ali@xxxxxxxxx>|
|Date:||Mon, 15 Aug 2011 13:45:45 -0400|
I have two comments. One, a meta-observation about keeping the discussion on topic, and the other about your request about how to move forward.
You have previously suggested that some on the list object to the discussion of politics, I can only speak for myself... I don't mind the use of examples from politics to motivate or ground discussions, what I find irritating are snippets like what's quoted below:
On Sun, Aug 14, 2011 at 11:01 PM, Rich Cooper <rich@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:Opinions such as this are peppered in your contributions which are, imo, laden with value judgments that are not related to the matter at hand. I fail to see how these paragraphs offer anything in terms of working towards a self-interest ontology. Rather, I see someone asserting unfounded opinion as fact. Sometimes, when this is becomes rather egregious, someone might chime in with a correction. To wit, see this piece written by a high-profile, wealthy individual that directly contradicts your previous opinions masquerading as fact re income tax ( http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/15/opinion/stop-coddling-the-super-rich.html?_r=2 ).
So, as far as I go, I'm not averse to using political examples for ontology-related purposed -- I do tire of seeing a particular individual's political opinions (in my opinion, demonstrably false, and in fact, adding to a larger environment of misinformation) fill the list, especially when the relation to ontology is tenuous. What makes it particularly frustrating is that for someone else to come in and correct these statements means that the discussion veers further away from ontology. Do you see why some people would object to such emails and hence the pleading to exercise more judgment before sending a note?
As to your query:
I can see why you, based in a Randian outlook, would begin with self-interest. You might want to consider refocusing on the broader idea of "motivations", whereby self-interest is just one of many types of motivations that drive human (or organism) action.
I shared two sources which imo are a good grounding points and I'll add a third.
The updated Maslow based hierarchy provides a good starting point for individual human motivations . It also explicitly takes into account how people have differing motivations depending on their physical, social and life-stage context.
Jonathan Haidt and others work on the origins and variations of morality, provide another useful avenue into how various values and value-systems come to drive motivations, especially at the social-group setting.
Neither posits an explicitly political stance, and the vocabulary deployed in each, can be used to describe what you see as conflicting political opinions.
George Lakoff, in his book Moral Politics  also provides an interesting perspective for how the community or social organizations can be viewed. According to Avril and Richard's language, it is at a slightly higher level of description than an immediate ontology of self-interest or motivation. However, he does provide quite explicit mappings for common (American) political stances, which are derived from a "Nation as Family" metaphor. For example, in that book he posits that "Conservatives" often employ the "Strict Father Metaphor" for how a society should function, whereas "Liberals" prefer a "Nurturant Parent" metaphor. While both perspectives draw on the same set of metaphors regarding morality and growth, they order them differently, leading to conflicting policy prescriptions. So that too might be another avenue to reconcile the apparent differences you note.
 Douglas T. Kenrick, Vladas Griskevicius, Steven L. Neuberg and Mark Schaller. Renovating the Pyramid of Needs : Contemporary Extensions Built Upon Ancient Foundation. Perspectives on Psychological Science 2010 5: 292 - http://www.csom.umn.edu/assets/144040.pdf
 Haidt, J., & Kesebir, S. (2010). Morality. In S. Fiske, D. Gilbert, & G. Lindzey (Eds.) Handbook of Social Psychology, 5th Edition. Hobeken, NJ: Wiley. Pp. 797-832.
You can request a copy here: http://people.virginia.edu/~jdh6n/
 George Lakoff. Moral Politics: How Liberals and Conservatives Think. University of Chicago Press, 2002. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_Politics_(book)
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