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[ontolog-forum] A Language Taxonomy

To: ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
From: John Bottoms <john@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 03 Jan 2014 13:15:28 -0500
Message-id: <52C6FE40.6020303@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Happy New Year to all,

I have been trying to find a taxonomy of languages. This arose from a discussion on reddit in which a linguist argues that "computer languages" are not languages, but are rather encodings. The discussion continues by observing that languages are spoken, are not created and that "there is no such thing as a logic based language". He/she also opposes my view that computer languages are used for speech acts.

I continued my investigation and found that Ogden's Basic English is considered an IAL (International Auxiliary Language), a language designed to facilitate communication between countries or language groups. I was unsuccessful in finding a taxonomy of languages that includes IAL's or a formal definition of what constitutes a language.

What I did find is an interesting drawing from the thesis of PHILIP LEE FISHER-OGDEN, B.S. (University of California, San Diego) 2008. The thesis draws on the W3C corpus of descriptions and bio's of experts within W3C such that that content can be access via a DBLP (Digital Bibliography and Library Project) search engine.
Fisher-Ogden Language Taxonomy
                                                ""Figure 1. Taxonomy Concept Map (from [11])

Two queries
1. Do you know of a taxonomy of language types?
2. What are your thoughts on the concept map?

John Bottoms
FirstStar Systems
Concord, MA USA

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