With respect to the recent discussion about "binary/n-ary", this
problem is dealt with in some depth in my recent "Narrative" book
introduced below (pp. 14-22). Very in short, we all agree about the
possibility of splitting n-ary structures into sets of binary
structures. However, this formal separation does not alter at all the
original n-ary character of a simple situation like "John gives a book
to Mary". To infer something of interesting about this situation, we
are then obliged to "stick back" together, in some way, the elements of
our bag of binary entities in order to reconstruct the original n-ary
unity. The (binary) W3C languages are unable to do this: this is why
they are not very useful for dealing correctly with situations
characterized by a minimum amount of semantic complexity - and this too
is very well known. Regards, GPZ
NEW BOOK: Apologies for multiple postings.
Gian Piero ZARRI
Representation and Management of Narrative Information, Theoretical
Principles and Implementation
Series: Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing
2009, X, 302 p. 55 illus., Hardcover
A big amount of important, economically relevant information, is buried
within the huge mass of multimedia documents that correspond to some
form of 'narrative' description.
Due to the ubiquity of these narrative resources, representing in a
general, accurate, and effective way their semantic content - i.e.,
their key 'meaning' - is then both conceptually relevant and
economically important. In this book, we present the main properties of
NKRL ('Narrative Knowledge Representation Language'), a language
expressly designed for representing and managing, in a standardised
way, the 'meaning' of complex multimedia narrative documents. NKRL is
also a fully implemented environment that exists in two versions: a
relational database-supported version and a file-oriented one. It
constitutes probably the most complete and realistic effort realised so
far to deal with the huge industrial potentialities of the narrative
Written from a multidisciplinary perspective, this book not only
supplies an exhaustive description of NKRL and of the associated
knowledge representation principles, it also constitutes a source of
reference for practitioners, researchers and graduates in domains that
range over narrative theories, linguistics and computational
linguistics, artificial intelligence, knowledge bases, information
retrieval, and languages for the ontologies and the semantic web.
- Narratology and NKRL.
- The notion of 'event' in an NKRL context.
- Knowledge representation and NKRL.
- Architecture of NKRL, the four 'components'.
- Second order structures.
- The semantic and ontological contents.
- Ontology of 'concepts' and ontology of 'events'.
- The query and inference procedures.
- Temporal information and indexing.
- High-level inference procedures.
- Technological enhancements and theoretical enhancements.
- Appendix A: NKRL software.
- Appendix B: Plural entities in NKRL.
Professional address of the author from February 1st, 2009:
Gian Piero Zarri
University Paris-Est - LISSI Laboratory
120-122, rue Paul Armangot
Message Archives: http://ontolog.cim3.net/forum/ontolog-forum/
Config Subscr: http://ontolog.cim3.net/mailman/listinfo/ontolog-forum/
Shared Files: http://ontolog.cim3.net/file/
Community Wiki: http://ontolog.cim3.net/wiki/
To join: http://ontolog.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?WikiHomePage#nid1J
To Post: mailto:ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx (01)