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[ontolog-forum] Fwd: [members] Proposed Charter for OASIS QUOMOS TC

To: "[ontolog-forum]" <ontolog-forum@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
From: Peter Yim <peter.yim@xxxxxxxx>
Date: Mon, 23 Nov 2009 19:02:37 -0800
Message-id: <af8f58ac0911231902m8190ac0l682446a720e71564@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Fyi ...    (01)

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Mary McRae <mary.mcrae@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Mon, Nov 23, 2009 at 6:50 PM
Subject: [members] Proposed Charter for OASIS QUOMOS TC
To: members@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, tc-announce@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Cc: oasis-charter-discuss@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx    (02)

To OASIS Members:    (03)

 A draft TC charter has been submitted to establish the OASIS
Quantities and Units of Measure Ontology Standard (QUOMOS) Technical
Committee (below). In accordance with the OASIS TC Process Policy
section 2.2:
the proposed charter is hereby submitted for comment. The comment
period shall remain open until 11:45 pm ET on 7 December 2009.    (04)

 OASIS maintains a mailing list for the purpose of submitting comments
on proposed charters. Any OASIS member may post to this list by
sending email to:
mailto:oasis-charter-discuss@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx All messages will
be publicly archived at:
http://lists.oasis-open.org/archives/oasis-charter-discuss/. Members
who wish to receive emails must join the group by selecting "join
group" on the group home page:
Employees of organizational members do not require primary
representative approval to subscribe to the oasis-charter-discuss
e-mail.    (05)

 A telephone conference will be held among the Convener, the OASIS TC
Administrator, and those proposers who wish to attend within four days
of the close of the comment period. The announcement and call-in
information will be noted on the OASIS Charter Discuss Group Calendar.    (06)

 We encourage member comment and ask that you note the name of the
proposed TC (QUOMOS) in the subject line of your email message.    (07)

Regards,    (08)

Mary    (09)

Mary P McRae
Director, Standards Development
Technical Committee Administrator
OASIS: Advancing open standards for the information society
email: mary.mcrae@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
web: www.oasis-open.org
twitter: @fiberartisan #oasisopen
phone: 1.603.232.9090    (010)

-----    (011)

OASIS Quantities and Units of Measure Ontology Standard (QUOMOS)
Technical Committee    (012)

The name of the TC:    (013)

OASIS Quantities and Units of Measure Ontology Standard (QUOMOS)
Technical Committee    (014)

Statement of purpose:    (015)

Ontologies allow the explicit specification of the multiple possible
meanings of concepts so that people can recognize commonalities and
differences in the semantics of the concepts that they use.    (016)

Ontologies can be used to improve the quality of standards, leading to
more robust implementations of the standards and the semantic
integration of multiple standards. The axiomatization of formal
ontologies can also support automatic conformance-checking.    (017)

Measurement units and dimensions (or dimensionality) are essential for
the meaningful communication of measurements, design specifications,
scientific data, medical data, environmental data and regulations, and
many commercial transactions. Confusion over measurement units can
lead to disasters such as the demise of the Mars Climate Observer
satellite. An ontology of measurement units and dimensions would have
wide utility in many IT standards.    (018)

A number of standards projects and other large-scale projects are
currently developing some kind of ontology for quantities and
measurement units.  This will quickly lead to a proliferation of
formal models for quantities and units that are not quite comparable.
That in turn will impede consistent specifications of quantities for
publication and information exchange in many industries.  A standard
ontology for quantities and units, adopted at this time, can be
incorporated into such projects, or used as a reference for the
symbols they define, thus promoting consistent interpretation and
interworking of specifications and measurements.    (019)

Measurement units include metres, feet, inches, etc. all of which have
the dimension of "length", i.e., length is the "property" of which
"metre" is the unit of measure. In the International System of
Quantities (Units) (also called the metric system or SI) the base
dimensions (units) are: length (metre), mass (kilogram), time
(second), electric current (ampere), thermodynamic temperature
(kelvin), amount of substance (mole) and luminous intensity (candela).
Derived (or composite) dimensions are constructed by multiplying or
dividing the dimensions when multiplying or dividing the corresponding
quantities. Hence speed has dimension of length / time. In practice
the various base dimensions may have exponents of -3 to +3. Thus the
space of derived dimensions has size of 7 to the 7th power - approx.
800K possible dimensions. For each dimension there are often several
alternative measurement units - thus the space of all possible
measurement units is huge.    (020)

Thus is it is clear that there is need to specify a framework for
constructing derived dimensions / units from base dimensions and
units.    (021)

It is therefore proposed to develop an ontology which would specify
the basic concepts of quantities, systems of quantities, and systems
of measurement units and scales, the various base dimensions and units
of the SI system, the various metric prefixes (nano-, micro-, milli-,
kilo-, ...), the rules for constructing various derived units, and the
designations of the most common derived units such as joules, watts,
... The ontology should also address non-metric base and derived units
that are commonly used across multiple industries.    (022)

The ontology will be represented in multiple formats, to allow
exploitation via various tools - CLIF (ISO 24707) is currently
proposed as the reference normative form, along with a derived OWL2/DL
representation, although this may not be able to accommodate all CLIF
concepts.  It will also be important to construct canonical URIs to
reference the various measurement units and dimensions. Furthermore,
the ontology should be linked to standard representations (names,
abbreviations) for the various measurement units / dimensions, e.g.,
meters, m, joules, etc., as expressed in sources such as the OASIS
UnitsML project, and the Healthcare Level 7 Uniform Code for Units of
Measure (UCUM).    (023)

There are some anomalies which need to be addressed, notably in the
area of "dimensionless units" and derived units that involve them,
such as measurements of concentration, energy v. torque.  Non-linear
scales will also be a concern.    (024)

Scope of the work of the TC:    (025)

The objective is to develop the draft of an international ontology
standard for expressing "Quantities and Units of Measure" which will
be publicly available, free of charge. The reference normative form of
the ontology will be expressed in the CLIF language, with derived
normative representations in OWL 2.0 DL, and UML.    (026)

The work shall include the development of a core set of ontology
modules covering quantities, units, scales, dimensions, base and
derived SI units and their relationships, and extension mechanisms to
allow the later inclusion of non SI units and other measurement
systems.  The ontology shall be independent of industry sector and
applications, and based on available specifications and standards,
particularly the VIM.  Where ambiguities and contradictions arise
between different specifications and standards, these shall be
referred back to the originating organizations for resolution.    (027)

Later ontology modules may include basic concepts for measurements and
uncertainties, and for quantity specifications and tolerances.  While
all applications of quantities are one or the other of these, these
disciplines are more complex and may have industry-specific
characteristics.    (028)

The TC will liaise and strive to coordinate its development with the
work of BIPM (International Bureau of Weights and Measures), ISO/IEC
80000, VIM (International Vocabulary of Metrology), UnitsML, UCUM
(Unified Code for Units of Measure) and UNECE Recommendation 20, and
take into account existing quantities and units ontologies based on
VIM, such as Sweet, QUDT and the QUDV component of SysML. It is
expected that the scope of the QUOMOS ontology with respect to
specific units will be influenced by the relationship to UnitsML and
UCUM.    (029)

Consideration will be given to ensuring that the methodology used to
construct the ontology can be exploited in the construction of other
definitive ontologies.    (030)

A list of deliverables, with projected completion dates:    (031)

The TC will produce a core set of ontology modules covering
quantities, units, scales, dimensions, base and derived SI units and
extension mechanisms to allow the later inclusion of non SI units and
other measurement systems.  The reference normative ontology will be
expressed in CLIF, with other normative representations may be derived
in OWL 2.0 DL, and supported by equivalent UML diagrams.    (032)

Further extensions may be generated using the specified mechanisms.    (033)

Specification of the IPR Mode under which the TC will operate:    (034)

Non-Assertion    (035)

The anticipated audience or users of the work:    (036)

The proposed ontology will be applicable to any developer or user of
information models or applications that require an unambiguous
definition of units in a digital form that can be utilised by a wide
range of applications, including document markup and data exchange. It
will also highlight logical inconsistencies and ambiguities that need
to be addressed.    (037)

The language in which the TC shall conduct business:    (038)

English    (039)

Non-normative information regarding the startup of the TC, which includes:
Identification of similar or applicable work that is being done in
other OASIS TCs or by other organizations:    (040)

The only relevant work in OASIS is the UnitsML activity to provide a
markup language for units.  The QUOMOS work should be complementary,
in providing an ontological representation for Units of Measure, and
may provide resolution of ambiguities in the definition of units
adopted from elsewhere.    (041)

The work needs to be based on the fundamental internationally agreed
definitions from BIPM and the agreed understanding of derived units,
as defined in the ISO/IEC 80000 series of standards.  Additional
derived units from efforts such as UCUM and known requirements from
other groups may also be taken into account.  Existing agreements on
international trade from the UN should also be taken into
consideration.    (042)

Requirements are being actively sought from prospective user
organisations in ISO, IEC and UNECE, and the TC welcomes other
relevant contributions.    (043)

In order to obtain the broadest possible perspective, the initiative
has been reported to the Management Group of the MoU on eBusiness
between ISO/IEC/ITU/UNECE, at its 12-13 October meeting, with a
request for contributions.    (044)

The date, time, and location of the first meeting, whether it will be
held in person or by telephone, and who will sponsor this first
meeting:    (045)

The first meeting will be held by teleconference on Thursday 21
January 2010, from 18.30-20.30 UTC    (046)

The projected on-going meeting schedule:    (047)

The TC will meet by teleconference every two weeks or as decided by
the group after it is launched.  Additional face-to-face meetings may
be held by consensus.    (048)

The names, electronic mail addresses, and membership affiliations of
at least Minimum Membership who support this proposal and are
committed to the Charter and projected meeting schedule:    (049)

* Ed Barkmeyer (edbark@xxxxxxxx) NIST
* Jerry Smith (jerry.smith@xxxxxxxx) US DoD
* Frank Olken (folken@xxxxxxx) LBNL
* Peter Yim (peter.yim@xxxxxxxx)
* Howard Mason (howard.mason@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx) BAE Systems
* Pat Hayes (phayes@xxxxxxx)    (050)

The name, electronic mail address, membership affiliation, and
statement of support for the proposed Charter from the Primary
Representative.    (051)

* Dr David Flater (dflater@xxxxxxxx) NIST
:Ed Barkmeyer: NIST has formally approved our participation, that is,
both the NIST OASIS principal and my management.    (052)

* Jerry Smith (jerry.smith@xxxxxxxx) US DoD
:We've reviewed the draft and concur.  DoD is a member of OASIS, I am
the voting representative, and we want to participate in this new TC.    (053)

* Mary Ann Piette (mapiette@xxxxxxx) LBNL
:Frank (Olken) - Sounds ok to me! In the buildings area there are
tremendous measurements issues, measurement of energy, measurement of
services building systems provide, measurement of satisfaction,
measurement of indoor air quality and many more! - Mary Ann    (054)

* Howard Mason (howard.mason@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx) BAE Systems
:BAE Systems supports the development of the proposed ontology
standard, which should form part of our overall standards toolbox.    (055)

The name of the Convener who must be an Eligible Person:
* Howard Mason (BAE Systems)    (056)

The name of the Member Section with which the TC intends to affiliate, if any:
* None    (057)

The TC anticipates evaluating the following sources as potential
contributions to the propsoed ontology:
* BIPM (International Bureau of Weights and Measures)
* VIM (international Vocabulary for Measurement)
* UnitsML
* UCUM (Unified Code for Units of Measure)
* UNECE Recommendation 20
* Sweet
* QUDV component of SysML    (058)

Optionally, a draft Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) document
regarding the planned scope of the TC, for posting on the TC's
* None    (059)

Optionally, a proposed working title and acronym for the
specification(s) to be developed by the TC.
* Quantities and Units of Measure Ontology Standard (QUOMOS)    (060)

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