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[ontolog] Re: FW: Preliminary UMM Chapter 8 with REA

Cc: ubl-ontolog@xxxxxxxx, soul-talk@xxxxxxxx
From: "Peter P. Yim" <yimpp@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Thu, 13 Jun 2002 12:18:24 -0700
Message-id: <3D08F000.D47D0ACC@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Monica Martin wrote Wed, 12 Jun 2002 15:31:47 -0700:    (01)

Also see this correlation between semantics and ontology as it relates
to web services, and as it relates to XML.    (02)

Monica    (03)

>         -----Original Message-----
>         From: bhaugen
>         Sent: Tue 6/11/2002 11:41 AM
>         To: John Yunker; brian.hayes@xxxxxxxxxxxxx; Monica Martin; Kit
> K. KO; Larissa Leybovich; 'Bill McCarthy'; Paul R. Levine
>         Cc: Jim Clark; Klaus-Dieter Naujok; dave welsh
>         Subject: Re: Preliminary UMM Chapter 8 with REA
>         Below is an example of why it is important to
>         get the REA business semantics right.
>         The UMM BCP metamodel + REA
>         is the best and most complete ontology
>         for the semantic business web.
>         http://www.xmlhack.com/read.php?item=1682
>         The halls and meeting rooms at the XML Web Services One
> conference in
>         San Jose were abuzz with discussion of RDF technology, and the
> keynote
>         presentation by Willaim Ruh, Sr. VP of Professional Services at
> Software
>         AG, focused on the importance of semantic Web technologies to
> the future
>         of Web services.
>         Throughout the conference both speakers and attendees were
> discussing
>         RDF and showing themselves knowledgeable of the technology, and
> even
>         higher-level ones such as DAML+OIL. In what might be a surprise
> to some,
>         at least two prominent sessions by Microsoft speakers made
> significant
>         mention of RDF and its possible role in Web services. Don Box
> mentioned
>         it in his keynote on Web services technologies and Karsten
> Januszewski
>         mentioned it in his session on UDDI in .NET.
>         In Ruh's keynote, entitled "Semantic Web - A Good Vision, But
> How to Get
>         There?", Ruh plumbed these ideas further, from a business rather
> than
>         technical point of view.
>         In an interesting and clever twist, Ruh held up the US dollar
> bill as
>         the perfect exemplar for what semantic Web technologies should
> ensure.
>         He pointed out that it is:
>         self-describing
>         hard to forge
>         convertible
>         issued by a trusted authority
>         a world-wide standard
>         easy to understand
>         machine readable
>         Ruh stressed that the Semantic Web is not a new Web but an
> extension of
>         the existing one. He also clarified that it is about allowing
> machines
>         to comprehend semantic documents and data, and not about
> understanding
>         natural human speech and writing. He stressed that the Semantic
> Web need
>         not be a rehash of classic (and some would say discredited) AI.
>         Ruh said that the Semantic Web involves structured markup,
> metadata and
>         "knowledge about knowledge". He said the cornerstones are
> ontologies,
>         RDF and XML, in that order, top to bottom, as a layer cake. He
> defined
>         an ontology as a document that formally defines the
> relationships
>         between terms.
>         Ruh did mention several factors that could impair the Semantic
> Web. He
>         pointed out that we produce 1 exabyte of digital information
> each year,
>         and that most of it is not marked up as structured documents. He
> also
>         pointed out that understanding and buy-in to the cornerstone
>         technologies of the Semantic Web seemed to stop at XML in too
> many
>         organizations. Finally, he said that most projects, programming
> time is
>         wasted because of impedance mismatches between code and the
> concepts
>         underlying the code. He called out a tendency for people to try
> to
>         separate data from applications from business process, saying
> this is
>         wrong-headed and costs a lot of problems in IT, especially for
>         integration.
>         At this point Ruh asked how many people in the room had known of
>         before attending the conference. A bit less than half the nearly
> 200
>         present raised their hands. Ruh acknowledged that the high
> proportion
>         surprised, but pleased him.
>         Ruh pointed out that RDF and Ontologies support making business
>         processes work better, and combine more smoothly with data and
>         applications. He claimed that "XML document[s are] the
> foundation for
>         process-centric architectures" and showed how XML integrates
> data,
>         metadata, process, linking and applications. He pointed out how
> the
>         document view of Web services takes advantage of this power
> better than
>         the view of Web services as a bunch of discrete, procedural
> APIs.
>         Finally, Ruh gave a list excerpting from the many vertical
> industry
>         initiatives working on basic ontologies based on XML, including
>         automotive, chemical and petroleum exchanges, retail, finance,
>         furnishing, health care, telecommunications, insurance and
> e-commerce.
>         He also discussed how the architecture he advocates might be
> implemented
>         using XML server and broker technology, and gave an example of
> how
>         Software AG used this approach in deploying their Tamino XML
> products
>         for DaimlerChrysler.
>    (04)

An archive of the [ubl-ontolog] postings can be found
at http://ubl.cim3.org/lists/ubl-ontolog/    (05)
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