OntologySummit2007 Survey/ResponseAnalysis

Latest Version:http://ontolog.cim3.net/file/work/OntologySummit2007/survey/wip/ResponseAnalysis-all-terms-20070421.html
Date Issued:2007-04-21T17:07:21Z
Status:Work in progress
Description:OntologySummit2007 Survey/ResponseAnalysis Terms of all kinds

Terms synonymous or similar to "ontology"

CalledAnOntology is the average of answers to the question: Would the above term or artifact be referred to as an "ontology" in your community? While the sample is too small for statistically significant results, the answers were reasonably consistent.
Business Rule DesignA framework for building multi-level conditional (If..Then...Else) statements with an underlying ontology for connecting the antecedents and the consequents [Bob Smith, Ph.D.]12.0
Classification 12.0
Concept systemSet of concepts and the relations among them [Dan Gillman]14.0
Content Modelsdescribes how content in a CMS is structured and how different types of content can relate to each other [Karen Loasby]13.0
Controlled Terminologyset of terms representing the system of concepts of a particular subject field [Chintan Patel]13.0
controlled vocabulary / thesaurusThe Metathesaurus is a very large, multi-purpose, and multi-lingual vocabulary database that contains information about biomedical and health related concepts, their various names, and the relationships among them. [Olivier Bodenreider]13.0
Controlled vocabulary thesaurusIt consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity [Ken Baclawski]15.0
data dictionariesa list of natural language definitions for application specific data [Doug Holmes]12.0
domain modeltypically a UML model of a software application domain [Doug Holmes]12.0
enterprise knowledge basea natural language/ textual description of organizational "knowledge" about specified topics [Doug Holmes]12.0
Entity Relationship DiagramA model of (entity) concpets and relations from which a database schema is developed [Doug Holmes]13.0
Entity Relationship Model/Data ModelA collection of entity types possessing attributes and related by relationships, including subtype/supertype relationships [Matthew West]13.0
First Order Logic OntologyA computer interpretable collection of classes, relations, and rules that together provide a theory of what exists for some domain expressed in a version of First Order Logic. [Matthew West]15.0
FolksonomyA folksonomy is a user generated taxonomy used to categorize and retrieve Web pages, photographs, Web links and other web content using open ended labels called tags. Typically, folksonomies are Internet-based, but their use may occur in other contexts as well. The process of folksonomic tagging is intended to make a body of information increasingly easier to search, discover, and navigate over time. A well-developed folksonomy is ideally accessible as a shared vocabulary that is both originated by, and familiar to, its primary users. Two widely cited examples of websites using folksonomic tagging are Flickr and del.icio.us, although it has been suggested that Flickr is not a good example of folksonomy [Robert Steele]43.0
formal ontologyVocabulary of terms together with a set of expressions in a formal logic (with syntax and model theory) [Michael Gruninger]15.0
GlossaryA list of terms with agreed natural language definitions arranged in alphabetical order [Matthew West]11.0
Hierarchical TaxonomyClassification Scheme - World Bank Topics [Denise Bedford]11.0
Library Classification schemesThe classification scheme is a collection of subject classes [Nabonita Guha]13.0
logical theory, upper ontologya logical theory about aspects or domains of the real world [Leo Obrst]25.0
MetadataData that defines and describes other data [Dan Gillman]13.0
Metadata SchemeSet of metadata attributes which are required for all WB content. [Denise Bedford]12.0
MetathesaurusVocabulary database. The term Metathesaurus draws on Webster's Dictionary third definition for the prefix "meta," i.e., "more comprehensive, transcending." In a sense, the Metathesaurus transcends the specific thesauri, vocabularies, and classifications it encompasses. [Ken Baclawski]14.0
ModelA set of inter-related documents that describe an IT service or system. Each model consists of two disjoint subsets of documents: genic documents and phenic documents. [Carl Mattocks]12.0
Network Taxonomy (sometimes called semantic network or thesaurus)Extended thesaurus structure of deep concepts (not words!!!) [Denise Bedford]13.0
nomenclature 11.0
Object Information Modelrepresents the types of information about members of a class or meta-information about a class itself [Hans Teijgeler]15.0
OntologyIn both computer science and information science, an ontology is a data model that represents a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts. It is used to reason about the objects within that domain. [Robert Steele]174.5
ontology (computer science)An ontology is a specification of a conceptualization (Tom Gruber/1993) [Tom Gruber]15.0
ontology (philosophy)the study of being or existence [Tom Gruber]11.0
Ontology ModelA model of the ontology. [Chris Partridge]1 
OWL OntologyA collection of formal classes and relationships using the OWL language that are theory of what exists for some domain. [Matthew West]15.0
Reference ModelA abstract model capturing the major concepts of a systems and the relationships amongst them [Duane Nickull]14.0
Ring Taxonomy (synonyms)Set of equivalent terms, including predecessors, successors, variant lexical forms, abbreviations, variant spellings, other language forms, etc. [Denise Bedford]11.0
schema (??) 13.0
Semantic data modelA graphic representation of the things of significance to an organization and the relationships among them. The relationships are named so as to represent assertions about the nature of the organization. [David Hay]13.0
Semantic networkThe Semantic Network consists of (1) a set of broad subject categories, or Semantic Types, that provide a consistent categorization of all concepts represented in the UMLS Metathesaurus, and (2) a set of useful and important relationships, or Semantic Relations, that exist between Semantic Types. [Olivier Bodenreider]24.0
tag clouda group of tags of varying sizes, depending on popularity [Lisa Dawn Colvin]13.0
tag libraryinformal organization of xml tags [Doug Holmes]12.0
TaxonomyTaxonomy, sometimes alpha taxonomy, is the science of describing, categorising and naming organisms, thus giving rise to taxa. [Robert Steele]52.5
ThesaurusA controlled vocabulary used for information retrieval by providing metadata values for index and classifying resources and browsing collections. [Paul King]33.0
upper ontologyAn upper ontology is limited to concepts that are meta, generic, abstract and philosophical, and therefore are general enough to address (at a high level) a broad range of domain areas. Concepts specific to given domains will not be included; however, this standard will provide a structure and a set of general concepts upon which domain ontologies (e.g. medical, financial, engineering, etc.) could be constructed. [IEEE-SUO/http://suo.ieee.org/] [Peter Yim]15.0

Ontology Languages

CLCommon Logic [John Sowa]
ODMOntology Definition Metamodel [Peter Yim (2)]
UIMAUnstructured Information Management Architecture [Peter Yim (2)]

Specific examples of ontologies

Cell TypeThe Cell Ontology is designed as a structured controlled vocabulary for cell types. This ontology was constructed for use by the model organism and other bioinformatics databases, where there is a need for a controlled vocabulary of cell types. This ontology is not organism specific; indeed it includes cell types from prokaryotes to mammals, including plants and fungi. [Suzanna Lewis]15.0
Common Anatomical Reference OntologyThe Common Anatomy Reference Ontology (CARO) is being developed to facilitate interoperability between existing anatomy ontologies for different species, and will provide a template for building new anatomy ontologies. [Suzanna Lewis]15.0
COSMOA foundation ontology developed as a merger of other ontologies [Patrick Cassidy]15.0
Gene OntologyThe GO describes gene products in terms of their associated biological processes, cellular components and molecular functions in a species-independent manner. [Suzanna Lewis]15.0
LexGRIDThe Lexical Grid Project [Peter Yim (2)]1 
MEBNMulti-Entity Bayesian Network [Peter Yim (2)]1 
MESHMESH [AJ Chen]15.0
Phenotype and Trait OntologyThis ontology can be used in conjunction with other ontologies such as GO or anatomical ontologies to refer to phenotypes. Examples of qualities are red, ectopic, high temperature, fused, small, edematous and arrested [Suzanna Lewis]15.0
RDL (Reference Data Library)The terms used within facilities for the process industry [Hans Teijgeler]13.0
Relation OntologyDefines core relations used in all OBO ontologies [Suzanna Lewis]15.0
Semantic Web Service Ontology Standard 1 
Sequence OntologyAn ontology for describing biological sequences [Suzanna Lewis]15.0
SUMOSuggested Upper Merged Ontology [Adam Pease]15.0
WSML-DLThis language is an extension of WSML-Core which fully captures the Description Logic SHIQ(D), which captures a major part of the (DL species of the) Web Ontology Language OWL [OWL], with a datatype extension based on OWL-E [Pan and Horrocks, 2004], which adds richer datatype support to OWL. [Carl Mattocks]13.0

Terminology used within ontologies or ontology development

A designator of a set under some classification criterionAll items to which the term is applicable to would be classified as being in the same set under the classification rule for the term. [Sean Barker]
assemblyprocess of elimination and recombination [Deborah MacPherson]
characteristicAbstraction of a property of an object or of a set of objects [Dan Gillman]
conceptunit of knowledge created by a unique combination of characteristics [Dan Gillman]
countryThe code of the country. [Rex Brooks]
EditorSelect and define [Deborah MacPherson]
Entity classThe definition of a kind of thing of significance to the organization [David Hay]
EpistemologyThe objects in the ontology known to the agent. [Chris Partridge]
Errors and omissionsdepends [Deborah MacPherson]
IdentifierA string that uniquely designates a subject. A formal expression of a subject. [Michel Biezunski]
individual term or expressionsame as term [AJ Chen]
Keynotealphanumeric code describing a material or assembly [Deborah MacPherson]
locCodeUNThe UN/LOCODE designator for the location concerned. [Rex Brooks]
Machine understandable concept 
Machine understood concept. 
modelingproperties assigned to object, model of the information not just the building [Deborah MacPherson]
MonadA simple substance that enters into composites [Michel Biezunski]
multiple prime contractssimultaneous development with many responsible parties answering to one owner for one building or set of buildings [Deborah MacPherson]
NameA string attached to a subject. Subjects may have zero, one or several names. [Michel Biezunski]
ObjectAnything perceivable or conceivable [Dan Gillman]
only words 
performancerequirement [Deborah MacPherson]
PerspectiveA bias in which a universe is seen that determines the expressions that are uttered to express it. [Michel Biezunski]
Plan and OrganizeThe Planning and Organization domain covers the use of information & technology and how best it can be used in a company to help achieve the company's goals and objectives [Carl Mattocks]
polygonAn enclosed geographic area within a simple closed polygon defined by an ordered set of vertices. [Rex Brooks]
Primitives of meaningUniversal (for the domain and its community) idea that provides meaning for one aspect of an entity. [Charles Turnitsa]
RegistryObjectis an abstract base class used by most classes in the model. It provides minimal metadata for registry objects [Carl Mattocks]
Requirements DocumentChecklist interview, outline spec [Deborah MacPherson]
ResilienceThe ability of an organization to bounce back from a disaster fast enough and smart enough to avoid secondary effects. [Bob Smith, Ph.D.]
subdivisionThe ISO 3166-2 designator for the administrative subdivision concerned. [Rex Brooks]
SubjectAn understanding of a thing. [Michel Biezunski]
system knowledge basea specification of the knowledge that is encoded and used by a knowledge based system [Doug Holmes]
targetAreaThe targetArea is a container element for the geospatial or political area targeting of the recipient of the message content. It contains data necessary to the originator's intent, based on location targeting, as to the dissemination of that particular message or set of messages. [Rex Brooks]
TopicAn expression of a subject [Michel Biezunski]
ViewA set of expressions treated as a unit. [Michel Biezunski]

Other terminology

EntelechyOne could give the name "entelechies" to all simple substances or created monads. For they all have in them a certain perfection [echousi to enteles], there is a certain self-sufficiency [autarkeia] that makes them sources of their own internal actions and, so to speak, incorporeal automata. [Michel Biezunski]
i do not understand what is required here 
i do not understand what this means. 
What we call somethingWhat we mean by something [Leyla Beyaz]